Key sectors

Świętokrzyski bridge with Vistula

Nowadays, agglomerations face a number of development challenges related to sustainable development, knowledge-based economy, attracting talents, investment attractiveness, export potential, climate change management and stimulating innovation.


Check out top 5 key sectors in Warsaw, which fit into the global trends


Startup hub of Eastern Europe

Warsaw is the largest startup centre in the country and its ecosystem in this field is very rich, what is proved by functioning of such institutions or initiatives as: Polish Aula, Smolna Centre of Entrepreneurship, ReaktorWarsaw, The Heart, Women's Entrepreneurship Foundation, MIT Enterprise Forum CEE, Campus Warsaw, Mazovian Startup, Entrepreneurial Mazovia and Entrepreneurial Poland.

Greater Warsaw may gain the status of a Startup Hub of Eastern Europe with an indication of the specific function of Warsaw as the "door" to the EU.

The city is playing an increasingly important role in the incubation of startups from countries such as Belarus and Ukraine. This is due to the following circumstances:

  • in the above-mentioned countries, there are a number of restrictions and risk areas in the functioning of startups, ranging from difficult access to foreign capital, political and economic risk, to language barriers,
  • for these countries, Warsaw is the closest European capital, which has a well-developed startup suport infrastructure,
  • Warsaw's startup environment is, on the one hand, less hermetic and, on the other, culturally and linguistically closer to Vienna or Berlin.


Modern business services sector

In relation to Poland as a whole, this sector in Warsaw is characterized by a larger share of SSC/GBS and BPO centers and a lower importance of IT and R&D centers. Since Poland's accession to the EU, the number of KIBS sector centers has increased sixfold. The largest numer of centers in Warsaw were built in 2018-2019. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of new entrants has declined but is still positive (the sector is growing despite the pandemic, indicating resilience).

Over one third of IT centers in Poland is located in Warsaw, about 30% of hybrid centers and almost one fourth of SSC/GBS centers. The vast majority of the sector's centers in Warsaw are owned by foreign capital. The largest share of domestic centers is in the BPO sector, whereas the highest foreign share is in hybrid, R&D and IT centers.

The most popular services provided by Warsaw service centres are activities in the field of: IT, accounting, customer service, HR, logistics and finance, with particular emphasis on the banking sector.

Report to download


Creative sector

The creative sector includes modern craftsmanship, with gaming industry as a focal point and industries in the gamedev value chain (e.g. film production). Trying to define this sector, one can also define it as a sphere of social services covering the areas of economic activity focused on the creation and commercialization of cultural products, which includes various organizational forms of conducting business activity in the following sub-sectors:
•    arts and crafts, including: visual arts, performing arts, national heritage, libraries and archives,
•    creative production, including: programming, gamedev, publishing, film, television, radio and music production,
•    creative services, including: fashion and design, advertising and related activities, architecture and interior design.

Greater Warsaw is the leader of this sector in Poland, bringing together the largest number of entities from the cultural area.

Warsaw video games industry report to download


Agri-food sector (with the use of biotechnology)

The local agri-food sector is an important food supplier, both from the point of view of the economy of the region and the entire country. The agri-food industry is an important source of exports for enterprises from Greater Warsaw.

The largest number of farms in the country are located in the Masovian Voivodeship (approx. 15%), a province with its capital in Warsaw. A large number of farms can also be found in the areas of the Warsaw agglomeration, especially in the rural and urban-rural communes.

There are a number of universities and research units in Greater Warsaw that conduct research supporting the development of the agri-food sector, such as the Warsaw University of Life Sciences, the Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute, the Wacław Dabrowski's Institute of Agricultural and Food Biotechnology or the Warsaw University of Technology.


Green municipal economy

Warsaw declared that that the city will achieve climate neutrality by 2050 at the latest. To achieve this goal, in 2020 Warsaw joined the project of European Bank for Reconstruction and Development called "Green Cities", under for which a long-term sustainable development strategy is being developed, and short-term, implementable goals are defined. The project was named "Green Vision of Warsaw". Various areas were analyzed in the project city functioning, including: energy and heating, waste management, thermomodernization, adaptation to climate change, street lighting, city transport, and the result of the work will be a set of tailor-made activities for Warsaw.
A wide representation of various city stakeholders was involved in the work on the "Green Vision of Warsaw": officials, non-governmental organizations, enterprises, universities, institutions.