Almost 60 percent of people from Warsaw going around the city select public transport, a car in the second, and a bicycle in the third place. People from Warsaw are mobile – they make more than 3.3 million travels a day.
Results of Warszawskie Badanie Ruchu (Warsaw Traffic Survey) 2015 are already available. Warszawskie Badanie Ruchu 2015 started on 8 April and ended 27 June. Information about methods people from Warsaw use to travel around the city, and also data about the vehicle traffic (taking into account division into bicycles, motorcycles, passenger cars, delivery cars, lorries, buses) were collected during this time. Pollsters asked 17 thousand people. Measurements of the vehicle traffic were also made - vehicles were counted in more than 200 points on the agglomeration boundary, on the boundary of Warsaw, in the city centre, on streets crossing the Warsaw cross-city line from Piastów to Halinów and on bridges.
Heavy Traffic in the City
During a working day, people from Warsaw make 3,350,000 travels. A statistical working person makes 2.24 travel a day, student – 2.14, and a pupil – 2.02. It is exactly the direction house-work and work-house which is the most popular - it accounts for more than 20 percent of all travels. The peak hour before noon is a period between 7.00 AM and 8.00 AM, and an increase in the number of travels is irregular at this time; in the afternoon the heaviest traffic falls on between 4.00 PM and 5.00 PM and it gradually drops after that time – afternoon peak hours are longer and more regular.
Invariably, the most popular means of transport is collective communications – 56.9 percent of travels is made this way every day. The individual transport takes the second place – 38.6 percent of travels, then the bike transport – 3.8 percent. One travel using the public transport takes 41 min., using a car 32 min., using a bicycle (and here we are not speaking of recreational rides, but riding for a specific purpose) – 26 min. Travelling on foot takes approx. 14 min. The largest number of travels, nearly 60%, take place entirely in left-bank part of the city. Twenty-three percent (23%) are travels to the other side of the Vistula River, whereas only 17% account for travels of residents of the right side of the city which do not cross the river. A mobility ratio of residents of the Praga district is 1.9 and residents of the left bank of the Vistula River – 2.03.
The boundaries of Warsaw within 16 hours of a day (between 6.00 AM and 10.00 PM) are crossed by more than 1.3 million cars – approx. 690 thousand of them drive into the city, and approx. 633 thousand vehicles drive out of the city. More than 526 thousand vehicles drive into the Śródmieście district and central parts of the Praga, Wola and Ochota districts. The Vistula River is crossed by more than 482 thousand vehicles every day – approx. 241,238 to the centre and approx. 241,107 from the centre.
Computer Traffic Model
Now, the so-called computer traffic model for the area of all the whole Warsaw agglomeration will be built on the basis of on the research results, with the use of data from other research (for example, on travels of residents of the voivodeship and on non-Warsaw sections of national and voivodeship roads). The bicycle traffic model will also be prepared for the first time. The traffic model will be finished by the end of May 2016.
Warszawskie Badanie Ruchu (WBR) 2015 is carried out by a consortium selected in tender procedure the leader of which is the PBS research institute which is additionally composed of the Warsaw University of Technology and the Cracow University of Technology. For WBR 2015, the city will pay PLN 1,806,870.