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Warsaw Struggles with Smog

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Warsaw Struggles with Smog
Warsaw Struggles with Smog

On Thursday, 10th December, councillors will proceed a resolution on the "Low-Emission Economy Plan for the Capital City of Warsaw". Our city is gaining an effective tool in a struggle for reduction in emission of carbon dioxide, increase in effectiveness in energy consumption and improvement in the air quality.

- We are waging the struggle for clean air on three planes. Firstly, low-emission transport. Due to a purchase of modern rolling stock most of capital buses are vehicles which already today meet rigorous Euro4 standards and higher. Secondly, modern power infrastructure. Nearly 80% of residents is within the range of the central heat distribution network. More than 12 kilometres is added to it every year. We hope that it will soon cover the whole Warsaw reducing the number of low emission sources. Education of the residents is the last activity. I am convinced that all people from Warsaw will soon help us care for an ecosystem of the capital thanks to promotion of ecological attitudes - says Michał Olszewski, deputy mayor of the capital city of Warsaw.

Plan Role
Besides striving to ensure reduction in emission of carbon dioxide and increase in power efficiency, the "Low-Emission Economy Plan of the Capital City of Warsaw" addresses problems of the air quality in the capital city.
Accepting the Plan by the Council of the Capital City of Warsaw will open the way to finance projects related to a low-emission economy from the funds of the European Union. Designs and investment projects increasing power efficiency, thermal modernisation of buildings, modernisation of heat sources and energy distribution networks and installation of renewable energy sources will among others have the possibility to apply for financial support.
Role of Warsaw
Besides activities in the field of power industry, Warsaw sees the need to limit emission of pollutants, e.g. from transport and from coal-fired sources, to support development of the RES technology, and also to provide ecological education and promotion of positive attitudes of the residents.

Activities
Under the activities, close cooperation of the city with private entities is anticipated. The modernisation works of the Warsaw combined heat and power plants implemented by PGNiG Termika should be for example listed among projects included in the plan. A coal fuel in a plant in the Siekierki district has been partially replaced with biomass from December 2015, whereas in the Żerań district with gas. Under the Program Rewitalizacji Pragi (Praga District Revitalisation Programme), together with the Veolia Energia Warszawa, approximately 5,000 council flats in the Praga Północ and Praga Południe districts, and in the Targówek district will be connected to the municipal heating system.
Projects in the field of sustainable transport development, for example, expansion of a network of the bicycle lanes, the Park & Ride car parks, pedestrian traffic privileges, purchase of next electrical buses, will be continued to be implemented. Expansion of the 2nd line of the tube will be continued, and tram lines to the Wilanów and Gocław districts will be built. When modernising and building roads, technologies limiting emission of dusts will be applied.
Intervention activities for the improvement of the air quality will be implemented on the basis WIP – Warszawski Indeks Powietrza (Warsaw Air Index). Exceeding concentrations of harmful substances on the basis of the data of the Regional Inspectorate for Environmental Protection will be monitored under this index. Among others immediate wet cleaning of streets (limiting raising dusts) and activities which promote the use of municipal transport instead of individual one are anticipated under these activities.

Financing
Outlays of approximately PLN 6.2 billion are anticipated for municipal tasks until at least 2020 specified to date for the purposes of the Plan. They consist of investment projects with an assurance of financing from the city budget of PLN 2.3 billion (without the tube construction costs) and prospective investment projects submitted by the districts, offices and municipal units for the amount of approx. PLN 3.9 billion.

Inspection
Need to take activities for environmental protection and using capabilities of the Municipal Guards, including flexibility of their structures, made it possible to appoint the Capital City of Warsaw Municipal Guards Environmental Protection Department.
•    Approximately 120 people will work in a newly formed Department. The officers will perform tasks under three separated offices specialised in
- Monitoring what materials are used to fire furnaces on the fixed properties, searching for illegal rubbish dumps, and also inspecting watercourses for their contamination will be the tasks of the new office – says Jarosław Jóźwiak, deputy mayor of the capital city of Warsaw.

Training and Equipment
The Municipal Guards assigned to work in the Environment Control Office will complete adequate training courses. Given the special character of the areas monitored, the effectiveness of activities taken is to ensure that the office is equipped with specialist equipment, including radio cars equipped, for example, with remote cameras which will facilitate to do duties towards people who litter municipal areas, or additional lamps making it possible to perform duties in dark areas in the evening hours, and also with equipment giving access to necessary databases during activities carried out on site. It is also planned to purchase the so-called photo-traps which will facilitate performance of duties for instance in the case illegal rubbish dumps are revealed. The patrols will also be equipped with measuring equipment, among others: portable multi-gas detectors with wireless transmission, aerosol concentration analysers, monitors of dust suspended in the air and water analysers. During inspections carried out, these devices will indicate deviations from the standards accepted in the field of environmental protection.