The first stage, in classes 1-3 for children aged 7-9, involves early school education. Currently, at the request of parents (or guardians), children at the age of 6 can also commence education in a primary school, provided that in the year preceding their first school year in primary school they have completed preschool education or have an educational psychology assessment confirming they can start their primary school education. At the first stage of education, classes are generally taught by a single teacher, who serves as form teacher.
Classes are not separated into specific subjects. Instead of marks, school reports use descriptive evaluation of students' progress, diligence, behaviour, and involvement. In addition to obligatory classes, schools can also organise extracurricular activities to develop students' talents or allow them to catch up. Children who need support in the Polish language, which is not their mother tongue, can attend 2 hours a week of additional courses in Polish.
In classes 4-8, for students aged 10-15, education is divided into separate subjects, as per the curriculum framework. These courses are taught by teachers specialising in specific subjects. Each class has its form teacher. Such form teachers directly supervise and provide guidance to their students. Visit the website of the Education Department and go to the Rekrutacja do szkół i przedszkoli tab (School and preschool enrolment) to download a file containing the list of district primary schools.
After they turn 15, students can continue their education in post-primary schools (secondary schools of general education, specialised secondary school, secondary technical schools, level 1 trade schools). Secondary school graduates can continue their education in post-secondary schools, and upon passing the Matura exam they are eligible for admission to a university.