78th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

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Monday, 19 April 2021, commemorates the 78th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. On that day, the alarm sirens will be sounded at noon, and the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews is organising a social and educational campaign entitled Daffodils.

To commemorate the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, on 19 April at noon, alarm sirens will be sounded throughout Warsaw. A continuous sound signal lasting one minute will be played.

Daffodils Campaign

The POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews has joined in the commemoration of the 78th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. This is the ninth time that it has organised the social and educational campaign Daffodils. Due to the pandemic, most of the activity focused on the event has moved to the Internet.

Everyone is invited to join the Daffodils campaign, from anywhere in the world, by attaching a virtual daffodil, watching a video walk, listening to a debate or a concert. The project will also be visible in public spaces, where students will be able to use specially prepared commemorative educational materials.

The pandemic is restricting the organisation of open, large meetings, but the programme for this year’s Daffodils campaign is quite extensive. There will be concerts, debates, lectures and film presentations aimed at both young and adult audiences. And although we will only be able to participate online, I am convinced that it will be a time of deep reflection and common recollection of one of the two important Warsaw uprisings. So, let’s join the Daffodils action. We will show that we are united in memory, stated Rafał Trzaskowski, Mayor of the Capital City of Warsaw.

Why are daffodils important symbols of the uprising? One of the ghetto survivors was Marek Edelman, the last commander of ŻOB. On 19 April, the anniversary of the uprising, he laid a bouquet of yellow flowers at the Monument to the Warsaw Ghetto Heroes in Muranów. Thus, the daffodil has become a symbol of respect and remembrance of the uprising. The action organised by the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews aims at spreading the symbol and increasing the knowledge about the uprising itself.

The full programme can be found on the website of the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews.

Theatres for the Anniversary of the Ghetto Uprising

More than 30 theatres from all over the country have responded to the invitation by Gołda Tencer, director of the Jewish Theatre in Warsaw, to jointly commemorate the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. On 19 April, actors’ recorded interpretations of poetry about the Shoah will be published, including poems from the volume entitled ‘Dzieci getta’ (‘Children of the ghetto’) by Stefania Ney (Stefania Grodzienska). The compositions will be posted on the FB profiles of the participating theatres, and the Jewish Theatre will broadcast the edited materials from 19 April throughout the week.

Commemoration of the Oneg Shabbat Group

On the 78th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the Jewish Historical Institute will symbolically honour the Oneg Shabbat Group, which played a crucial role in hiding the priceless collection – the so-called Ringelblum Archive. The collection, which contains more than 35,000 pages of documents, including files of official institutions, diaries, letters and photographs, is inscribed on the UNESCO list “Memory of the World” - as a World Heritage monument. The commemoration of the Oneg Shabbat will take place on 19 April 2021 at 28 Nowolipki Street – exactly where the Warsaw Ghetto Underground Archive was found. The core of the commemoration is a copy of a page from David Graber’s diary that emerges from the void. It was on this page that the young member of the Oneg Shabbat Group wrote down his messages to the world in August 1942: “What we couldn’t shout in front of the world, we buried underground”.

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, which broke out on 19 April 1943, was the largest armed Jewish uprising during World War II and the first urban uprising in occupied Europe.